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The Susquehanna River

The Susquehanna River flows from upstate New York state to the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland. The North Branch begins as the outlet of Otsego Lake in Cooperstown, New York. At approximately 444 mi long, it is the longest river on the American east coast and the 16th longest in the United States. The broad, shallow waters also make the Susquehanna the longest, non-commercially navigable river in the country.

The Susquehanna River’s two branches merge in the Susquehanna River Valley (near Northumberland).

With an average daily rush of 22 billion gallons of water, the Susquehanna is the largest contributor of freshwater to the Chesapeake Bay. The Bay was formed over 10,000 years ago when what was then the Susquehanna River was flooded by rising sea levels. The quality and quantity of waters from the Susquehanna and its tributaries directly affect the Bay's health and productivity.

The Susquehanna River has become the home for various college crew teams, most notably Susquehanna University and Bucknell University.

The Susquehanna River is an ideal river for boating, fishing, camping and wildlife watching. For more info, check out the Susquehanna River Trail Association's website. The association promotes environmental responsible recreation on the Susquehanna River by maintaining 23 campsites on islands stretching from Sunbury to Harrisburg. Canoeing, fishing & kayaking are promoted as ways to experience this wilderness.

Local History

Courtesy of Wikipedia:
The river has played an enormous role throughout the history of the United States. Before European conquest, the Susquhannock, an Iroquoian tribe lived along the river and gave the Susquehanna its name. In the 17th century, it was inhabited largely by the Lenape. In the 18th century, William Penn, the founder of the Pennsylvania Colony, negotiated with the Lenape to allow white settlement in the colony between the Delaware River and the Susquehanna. Local legend claims that the name of the river comes from an Indian phrase meaning "mile wide, foot deep," referring to the Susquehanna's unusual dimensions, but while the word is Algonquian, it simply means "muddy current" or "winding current".

Folklore

Read more about the folklore of the Susquehanna River Valley, thanks to our friends at Isle of Que River Guides.

Additional Resources

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“Went to the Shikellamy State Park Overlook and was delighted with the spectacular view...wow; I felt like an Indian Scout first discovering this vista.” – Sandra, Berwick, PA